ISO 45001 – What’s new in DIS 2 June 2017
As the development of ISO 45001 progresses to ISO/DIS 45001.2, which was published in May 2017 I am using this blog to outline the major changes introduced since ISO/DIS 45001 was published in February 2016. I will do this on a clause-by-clause basis. Please note that text in bold signifies changes to content from ISO/DIS 45001:2016 to ISO/DIS 45001.2:2017.
Clause 4.3 Determining the scope of the OH&S management system
In determining the scope of the OH&S management system the organisation is advised to take into account not only performed work-related activities but also planned work-related activities.
Clause 5.1 Leadership and commitment
The role of top management in demonstrating leadership and commitment with respect to the OH&S management system is expanded to include the following activities:
- taking overall responsibility and accountability for the prevention of work-related injury and/or ill health as well as the provisions of a safe and healthy workplace and activities
- ensuring and promoting continual improvement
- protecting workers from reprisals when reporting incidents, hazards, risks and opportunities
- ensuring the organisation establishes and implements a process for consultation and participation of workers
- considering the need to establish health and safety committees, together with providing support for their functioning
Clause 5.3 Organisational roles, responsibilities and authorities
There is an additional note which states that while responsibility and authority can be assigned, ultimately, top management is still accountable for the functioning of the OH&S management system.
Clause 5.4 Consultation and participation of workers
There is a new note which states that worker representation can be a mechanism for consultation and participation.
There is an expanded role for non-managerial workers in the consultation and participation process.
Clause 6.1.2 Hazard identification and assessment of risks and opportunities
The assessment of opportunities has been added to the assessment of risks.
Clause 18.104.22.168 Assessment of OH&S opportunities and other opportunities
In the previous version the title of this sub-clause was Identification of OH&S opportunities and other opportunities – so there is now a requirement to assess rather than just identify opportunities.
In addition, there is a new Note stating that OH&S risks and opportunities can result in risks and opportunities to the organisation.
Clause 7.2 Competence
The previous version had a requirement, where applicable, to take action to acquire the necessary competence, and evaluate the effectiveness of the actions taken. The current version requires the company, where applicable, to take action to acquire and maintain the necessary competence, and evaluate the effectiveness of the actions taken.
Clause 7.3 Awareness
Awareness has been expanded to encompass the following issues:
- the OH&S policy and OH&S objectives
- arrangements providing workers the ability to remove themselves from work situations that they believe represent an imminent and serious danger to their life or health, as well as protecting them from undue consequences for doing so
Clause 7.4 Communication
Was previously referred to as Information and communication
Clause 7.4.1 Communication General
The organisation shall establish, implement and maintain the process(es) needed for the internal and external communications relevant to the OH&S management system.
The previous version only required the organisation to determine the need for internal and external information and communications relevant to the OH&S management system.
Two additional sub-clauses have been added as following:
Clause 7.4.2 Internal communication
The organisation shall:
- internally communicate information relevant to the OH&S management system among the various levels and functions of the organisation, including changes to the OH&S management system, as appropriate
- ensure its communication process(es) enables workers to contribute to continual improvement
Clause 7.4.3 External communication
The organisation shall externally communicate information relevant to the OH&S management system, as established by the organisation’s communication process(es) and as required by its legal requirements and other requirements.
Clause 8.1.2 Eliminating hazards and reducing OH&S risks
This was previously called Hierarchy of controls. Minor additions have been made including the following:
- use of engineering controls and/or reorganisation of work
- use of administrative controls, including training
Clause 8.1.5 Procurement
The organisation shall establish, implement and maintain a process(es) to control the procurement of products and services in order to ensure their conformance with its OH&S management system. Implementation and maintenance have been added.
Clause 8.1.6 Contractors
The organisation shall establish a process(es), in coordination with its contractor(s), for hazard identification and to assess and control the OH&S risks, arising from:
- contractors’ activities that impact on the organisation
- organisation’s activities that impact contractors’ workers
- contractors’ activities that impact other interested parties in the workplace
The key change from the previous version of the standard is the need for the organisation to coordinate with its contractors in the identification of hazards and the assessment and control of risks as distinct from just establishing processes to identify and communicate the hazards and evaluating the controls associated with contractors’ activities. In addition, the impact of hazards associated with contractors’ activities on their own workers have been excluded from the remit of clause 8.1.6.
There is an additional requirement that the contracting process must define and apply occupational health and safety criteria for the selection of contractors with an added exhortation that occupational health and safety criteria for the selection of contractors be included in the contractual documents.
Clause 8.2 Emergency preparedness and response
The organisation shall establish, implement and maintain a process(es) needed to prepare for and respond to potential emergency situations including inter alia:
- taking into account the needs and capabilities of all relevant interested parties and ensuring their involvement, as appropriate, in the development of the planned response
Clause 9.1.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and performance evaluation General
The organisation shall retain appropriate documented information on the maintenance, calibration or verification of measurement of equipment.
Clause 9.3 Management review
Changes in external and internal issues that are relevant to the OH&S management system have been expanded to include the needs and expectations of interested parties.
The outputs of the management review have been expanded to include decisions related to:
- opportunities to improve integration of the OH&S management system with other businesses processes
- any implications for the strategic direction of the organisation
Clause 10.1 Improvement General
The organisation shall determine opportunities for improvement and implement necessary actions to achieve the intended outcomes of its OH&S management system.
Clause 10.2 Incident, nonconformity and corrective action
There is an additional requirement to assess OH&S risks prior to taking action that can result in new or changed hazards.
Clause 10.3 Continual improvement
The organisation shall maintain and retain documented information as evidence of the results of continual improvement.